The sphere of software development is constantly changing under the influence of emerging software development trends, various external factors and new societal demands. More and more companies have realized the importance of digitalization in an ever-changing environment of business and have already begun adopting new technologies.
As organizations emerged out of a crisis, CIOs are reviewing their development strategies in favor of digital transformation.
First of all, it should be noted that the global COVID-19 pandemic has become an inflection point for many businesses. Small and large enterprises were forced to quickly reorganize working processes and accelerate IT priorities and technology roadmaps. They realized that they needed to move toward a primarily digital world, where software solutions will largely determine the way of life.
Here we have gathered the top 12 current trends in software engineering that companies must take a deeper look at in 2022.
1. Automated Code Reviews
The accelerating pace of our life demands us to do operations and release new software products quicker. That’s why more developers turn to automated code review, where specific tools automatically check the code based on predefined rules. Some popular automated code review tools include Veracode, CodeClimate, Codacy, DeepSource and others. Currently, the trend to use such tools is urgent, taking into account the amount of code lines produced daily.
Automated code review tools provide the following benefits:
- They significantly speed up code reviews.
- They identify errors and suboptimal code more accurately than human reviewers doing it manually.
- They help companies maintain coding standards at all levels.
- As a result, IT providers can produce high-quality software solutions within a shorter time.
2. Focus on Software Quality Standards
A growing number of software development companies are trying to obtain certificates of compliance with international quality standards such as ISO/IEC 27001. This is happening because software applications and services are tightly integrated into various spheres, including those critical for people’s lives and health. Hence, the quality of software products is a top priority.
The ISO certification trend will continue as it helps companies improve their reputation and attract more clients by ensuring they abide by the highest quality standards.
3. Legacy System Migration
Many enterprises still use outdated software systems. As a rule, they are based on old technologies that are incompatible with the latest advancements, which results in a range of difficulties:
- Poor performance
- High maintenance costs
- Inability to fulfill customer requirements
- Data security breaches
Consequently, more companies now want to migrate their data and processes to new platforms in order to ensure the reliable functioning of their IT systems, helping them retain clients and remain competitive. Experts anticipate the legacy application migration trend to increase in 2022.
4. Growing need for cloud services
Businesses everywhere strive to work towards their digital transformation. Many organizations are moving away from traditional on-premises software and leveraging cloud-based solutions.
Cloud infrastructure continues to grow, bringing businesses agility, cost-efficiency and automation. As Gartner said,
“more than 85% of organizations will embrace a cloud-first principle by 2025 and over 95% of new digital workloads will be deployed on cloud-native platforms”.
Cloud technology is becoming an essential part of organizations, both large and small. Since cloud services tackle many issues, deploying infrastructure in the cloud and configuring all interactions becomes an additional challenge for businesses. Optimizing your company and migrating the infrastructure to cloud platforms such as Google Cloud, Microsoft Azure, or AWS requires a lot of time and expertise, leading to growth of demand for cloud development services.
5. Cloud-Native Technology Prevalence
The apparent trend is that software development companies will more actively use cloud-native solutions for app development, team management and communication. These are software products and services hosted in public, private or hybrid clouds. They are infrastructure-agnostic and can run on multiple servers, so any company can easily adopt them.
Based on containers and microservices, cloud-native software solutions provide flexibility and scalability, and improve productivity of software development teams.
It should be noted that the demand for cloud services and tools has grown due to the necessity to facilitate remote work. Companies have had to implement the appropriate infrastructure and support employees in creating a work environment in their home offices.
6. Blockchain is changing industries
Blockchain technology has brought a revolution and continues to gain momentum. A lot of digital leaders and startups in various sectors of the market have already implemented the technology to supply chains and finance operations.
Today, experts note a staggering growth of blockchain adoption in many industries. The thing is that this distributed, decentralized system provides an exceptional level of security and transparency for various transactions, and can be applicable to many business sectors beyond fintech.
Here are some examples:
- Supply chain monitoring systems in logistics, automotive, agriculture, oil and gas industry
- Accounting software systems ensuring the traceability of energy consumption
- Platforms for intellectual property protection
- Software systems for secure electronic voting
Thus, a growing number of blockchain-based applications will increasingly emerge in various fields.
7. Growing Demand for Outsourcing
The demand for software development outsourcing is experiencing significant growth. It’s challenging for companies across industries to find talented IT specialists who can develop high-quality custom software projects and do so within budget. That’s why companies opt for outsourcing. Moreover, a range of practical benefits such as faster software development, cost efficiency, better quality, reduced risks and freed company resources support the outsourcing market’s growth.
As our world is getting more and more digitized, organizations have begun investing time and money in the latest development trends, thus increasing the demand for outsourcing services. This happened because companies are not able to handle all of their IT needs by themselves. And software development outsourcing allows companies to have access to such resources as new technologies, knowledge, and capabilities, as well as focus on their core competencies to maintain the competitive edge needed in today’s marketplace.
The relationship between businesses and outsourcing companies is significantly strengthening as the level of provided services has grown a lot and cooperation is much better and more qualitative. This trend of software development outsourcing is expected to expand its market in 2022 to meet the clients’ demand who are looking for specialists to modernize their businesses.
The outsourcing services distribution provides access to a vast pool of highly skilled software development teams, with no geographical borders, even at a lower cost, and with a possibility of short-term collaboration within one project. For businesses, identifying the right service provider for outsourcing is the best thing to gain profits and advantages.
8. Progressive Web Applications (PWA) on the Rise
For many businesses, the development of progressive web apps (PWA) is proving to be the right choice. Being regular websites by nature, these software solutions may also act as traditional mobile apps. Users don’t need to download PWAs like mobile apps but can enjoy the same look and feel, which improves user experience.
PWA development and maintenance is more cost-efficient for companies, so more startups and small businesses will be inclined to choose this type of software.
9. Machine Learning Expansion takes the center stage
Recently, machine learning (ML) has been in the public eye as a disruptive technology impacting various business sectors. Personalized recommendations and ads, image and voice recognition, chatbots and virtual assistants, fraud detection software systems, self-driving cars, and predictive analytics are all examples of the application of practical machine learning.
Expectedly, more companies want to introduce ML-based software into their processes and capitalize on it. The challenge is that there are still not enough qualified machine learning specialists to meet the market demand. Moreover, it can be expensive for a company to hire a full-time ML expert if they only need to adopt a limited set of intelligent functions.
Hence, machine learning software development is becoming more available to non-technical users and SMBs. Google and Microsoft are the leading providers offering AutoML and no-code AI software solutions, the adoption of which is predicted to grow.
10. Cybersecurity is becoming increasingly
With the world becoming more digital than ever before, every provider and every user of software solutions needs to be serious about cybersecurity.
Increased interest in cybersecurity in 2022 emerges from the challenges connected with protecting the ever-expanding digital footprint of modern organizations. Investing in customized software development, be it brand-new solutions or tailor-made integrations with current COTS software, could inhibit and deter hackers from attempting to infiltrate a network and protect businesses.
Due to the growing number of potential threats and attacks, cybersecurity and relevant specialists should become a normal part of doing business in 2022. To ensure the needed level of cybersecurity, specialists should develop a strategy considering software, hardware and IT services as a single interconnected system.
11. Python Takes the Lead
It seems Python’s growing popularity will continue well into 2022 and beyond, as it is the favorite language of developers creating software solutions with AI- and ML-based features. As mentioned, artificial intelligence and machine learning stand proudly among the top tech trends for 2022.